Obsessive Compressive Disorder (OCD)
Some people do frequently have disturbing and uncontrollable thoughts that lead to performing the same behaviours oftentimes. It often happens in the middle of their works and makes it hard to accomplish the rigorous works. Have you ever met these cases? If so, you may have an obsessive-compulsive disorder. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is written in contracted letters as OCD. Normally, OCD is one of the anxiety disorders, where a person with this disorder commences with the obsessions, the recurring uncomfortable thoughts, and worries that lead to the compulsions. The compulsions are in response to those thoughts (obsessions).
What is Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder?
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder with negative impacts on someone’s performance. Therefore, it is defined as a common chronic(long-lasting) disorder in which a person has uncontrollable, recurring thoughts(obsessions) and behaviours (compulsions) that he/she feels to repeat over and over (US: NIH, 2016). Did you ever check more than twice whether the door is closed or the clock is set at the correct alarm? The particular thought comes in mind and stuck and a person is unable to let it go, hence create obsessions.
The people with OCD feel to double-check things, uncontrollable thoughts that cause them anxiety urging them to check things repeatedly. If not treated, these thoughts may bring distress to the person and get in way of work and personal relationships. Therefore, Obsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD) is a neuropsychiatric illness that often begins in childhood and has a significant impact on family, academic, occupational, social functioning ( Juliana Negreiros, 2019).
How is OCD a problem?
OCD was taken as a problem that affects a small part of the world’s population. However, the World Health Organisation considered OCD as one of the top 10 leading causes of global disability that affects every kind of population in every stage of life. OCD starts at a younger age and increases gradually. It becomes severe throughout life. A person with OCD feels anxious when doing things. Furthermore, they can’t do anything without rituals. It shows up when a person experiences unusual repeated behaviours such as dressing and combing over and again, touching everywhere, sitting everywhere unchecked and unwillingly. It is taken as long-lasting and symptoms become worse as stress increases. A person with OCD almost spends 1 hour per day performing rituals.
Realities about OCD
· People with OCD cannot avoid the feeling of fear because of the intrusive thoughts do not escape easily (Mavissakalian, Turner, &Michelson, 1985)
· It affects 1-3% of the general population around the world
· It is rated as one of the top 10 leading causes of global disability
· Children and youth with OCD are more likely to have other disorders related to anxiety, mood, or disruptive behaviour
· Obsessions and compulsions may change and wax and wane throughout childhood and life
· OCD remains chronic in approximately 40% of cases
· First-line treatments: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) with exposure, response prevention (E/RP) and Anti-depressants (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor [SSRI])
· There is a significant delay between the onset of obsessive and compulsive symptoms and the time an individual receives a formal diagnosis and is able OCD-specific treatment.
· Consequences of untreated OCD include: Adverse effects upon family members, School difficulty, peer relationship difficulty, higher rates of unemployment, less work productivity and lower rates of marriage
Signs and symptoms
· People with OCD may have obsessions, compulsions or both.
· Motor tics (sudden, brief and repetitive movements, such as eye blinking, facial grimacing, shoulder shrugging and head or shoulder jerking).
· Common vocal tics include repetitive throat- clearing, sniffing, or grunting sounds.
. Unnecessary cleaning and erasing; rereading
. Keep asking the same questions seeking reassurance
. Difficulty completing work
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